This working capital needs calculator can be used by a business to estimate the cash needed to fund operating assets such as accounts receivable and inventory after allowing for amounts funded by suppliers accounts payable and other current liabilities.
Using the Working Capital Needs Calculator
- The cash needed to fund working capital.
- The working capital needs as a percentage of revenue.
The calculator is used as follows.
Revenue and Margins
1. Enter the Annual Revenue
Enter the estimated revenue for the year.
2. Enter the Gross Margin %
Enter the gross margin percentage. The gross margin percentage is the ratio of the gross margin to the revenue of the business and is more fully discussed in our How to calculate gross margin percentage post.
3. Enter the Expenses %
Enter the expenses percentage. Expenses for this purpose refer to operating expenses, finance costs and income tax expenses. Cost of sales and depreciation related expenses should be excluded from the calculation.
Working Capital Needs Calculator Assumptions
4. Enter the Accounts Receivable Days
Enter the accounts receivable days. The accounts receivable days is the average number of days credit given by the business to customers.
5. Enter the Inventory Days
Enter the inventory days. The inventory days is number of days cost of sales held as inventory by the business.
6. Enter the Accounts Payable Days
Enter the accounts payable days. The accounts payable days is the average number of days credit given to the business by trade suppliers.
7. Enter the Other Liabilities Days
Enter the other liabilities days. The other liabilities days is the average number of days credit given to the business in respect of expenses (excluding cost of sales and depreciation related expenses).
The calculator estimates the cash required to fund working capital analysed by accounts receivable, inventory, accounts payable, and other liabilities.
Finally the calculator shows the working capital needs as a percentage of the revenue of the business to allow quick estimates to be made for varying amounts of revenue.
Working Capital Needs Calculator Download
The calculator is available for download in Excel format by following the link below.
Users use this net working capital needs calculator at their own risk. We make no warranty or representation as to its accuracy and we are covered by the terms of our legal disclaimer, which you are deemed to have read. This is an example of a calculator that you might use when estimating how to calculate net working capital needs for a business financial projection. It is purely illustrative of an Excel working capital needs spreadsheet. This is not intended to reflect general standards or targets for any particular company or sector. If you do spot a mistake in the small business calculator, please let us know and we will try to fix it.
About the Author
Chartered accountant Michael Brown is the founder and CEO of Plan Projections. He has worked as an accountant and consultant for more than 25 years and has built financial models for all types of industries. He has been the CFO or controller of both small and medium sized companies and has run small businesses of his own. He has been a manager and an auditor with Deloitte, a big 4 accountancy firm, and holds a BSc from Loughborough University.