Opening Day Balance Sheet – Capital
The opening day capital balance forms part of the opening balance sheet of the business. Capital represents cash or cash equivalents invested by the owners in the business, often referred to as a capital introduction.
The capital opening balance is recorded in the balance sheet of a business under its own heading of capital and together with retained earnings, forms part of the owners equity in the business.
Capital Opening Balance in the Financial Projection
The capital included in the opening balance sheet is no different than any other capital, only the timing differs.
The capital opening balance is simply the balance that was there before the first day of the financial projection. If the capital is introduced after the first day, it will show up as part of the capital introduced in the appropriate year. The opening capital should not be included in both places as this will result in double counting.
The date on which the financial projection starts is entirely a matter of personal choice, usually it is better to have it consistent with the start of a financial year.
Established Business Plan
For an established business, there will normally be a capital opening balance (assuming the business has already raised finance in this way). The value of this opening balance can be found on the latest available balance sheet. The figure to use is the total of the amounts shown under the headings capital, share capital, stock, preference capital or any other capital related heading.
Startup Business Plan
For a startup business, we recommend the use of the startup costs calculator which produces an opening balance sheet for inclusion in the financial projections template.
The figure to use for the capital opening balance is the capital value shown under the heading opening balance sheet in the calculator. This is effectively the amount of capital the business has when it starts trading, and forms part of the startup funding together with the opening debt finance and accounts payable.
Having entered the capital opening balance, the template calculates the capital at the end of each subsequent year by taking the opening capital and adding any new capital raised during the year shown in the cash flow statement,
What’s the Next Step?
The next step in producing a five year financial projection for your business plan using our financial projections template, is to determine the days sales outstanding to be included in the projected balance sheets.
This is part of the How to Create Financial Projections Guide a series of posts on how our template is used to produce simple financial projections for a business plan.
About the Author
Chartered accountant Michael Brown is the founder and CEO of Plan Projections. He has worked as an accountant and consultant for more than 25 years and has built financial models for all types of industries. He has been the CFO or controller of both small and medium sized companies and has run small businesses of his own. He has been a manager and an auditor with Deloitte, a big 4 accountancy firm, and holds a BSc from Loughborough University.